There’s a lengthy listing of benzodiazepine medication on the market, however all of them have the potential for abuse. When figuring out a benzodiazepine’s energy, there are two issues to contemplate: the drug’s efficiency and its half-life. A half-life measures how lengthy a drug takes to interrupt down and exit the physique. Low-potency benzos with a protracted half-life are weaker than high-potency benzos with a brief half-life.
In the event you’re affected by an habit to benzodiazepines, then there’s assist and hope accessible. At Vertava Well being, we’re dedicated to serving to our shoppers overcome their benzo use. In the event you’re hooked on one of many drugs on our listing of benzos, we might help. To study extra about our companies, name Vertava Well being as we speak at 888.601.8693 to study extra about our benzo habit remedy program.
Strongest to Weakest Listing of Benzos
Medicine with a shorter half-life, whereas extra short-acting, are sometimes felt extra intensely. Medicine with a brief half-life additionally create their impact extra quickly. These traits make these substances extra enticing to leisure drug customers. Benzodiazepine drug customers usually favor short-acting, high-potency benzos, reminiscent of lorazepam or alprazolam, attributable to their pretty fast and intense excessive.
Low-Efficiency Benzodiazepine Listing
With a protracted half-life:
- Chlordiazepoxide (Librium)
- Clorazepate (Tranxene)
- Diazepam (Valium)
With a brief half-life:
- Oxazepam (Serax)
- Temazepam (Restoril)
Excessive-Efficiency Benzodiazepine Listing
The one medicine with a protracted half-life is clonazepam (Klonopin). Nevertheless, drugs with a brief half-life embrace alprazolam (Xanax), lorazepam (Ativan), and triazolam (Halcion).
Although not prescribed in america, flunitrazepam (Rohypnol) is offered illicitly on the streets. Used as a date rape drug, Rohypnol is a high-potency benzodiazepine with a comparatively lengthy half-life.
Benzodiazepine drugs are sedative-hypnotics, which means they create calming or tranquilizing results. Due to this, these medication are prescribed to deal with nervousness, insomnia, panic and seizure issues, and signs of alcohol withdrawal. Sure ones can also be used as muscle relaxants. The identical actions that make these drugs beneficial inside remedy additionally entice drug customers.
Benzodiazepines take a number of varieties, together with an extended-release (long-acting) capsule, liquid, pill, or orally-disintegrating pill. Any of those drugs could also be used to create a sedated or euphoric impact.
When used, benzodiazepines are taken orally in doses bigger and extra frequent than can be prescribed. The medicine can also be crushed in order that it may be snorted, smoked, or injected. Regardless of how benzodiazepines are used, the potential for dependence and habit runs excessive.
Dangers and Risks of Use
Other than habit, benzodiazepine dependence carries with it a bunch of antagonistic well being results and risks. These embrace:
- Alzheimer’s illness and dementia
- Congenital disabilities
- Falls and accidents
- Irregular heartbeat
- Motorized vehicle accidents
- Sexual assault
Like all types of drug use, people who use benzodiazepines continuously expertise an excessive lack of high quality of life. In lots of instances, the necessity to use the drug turns into so intense that it overrules an individual’s need to handle their household or fulfill different obligations, reminiscent of these referring to work or college.
Benzodiazepine use has been linked to elevated dangers of suicide and suicidal ideation (ideas of suicide). Continual use of those medication might change an individual’s potential to really feel feelings. Some individuals battle to really feel any feelings in any respect, which is a state known as emotional anesthesia.
Extended benzodiazepine use may cause the issues the medication are designed to deal with. When a physically-dependent individual quits benzodiazepines, withdrawal can set in. In some situations, withdrawal might final for a number of months. That is known as post-acute withdrawal syndrome (PAWS). People going through PAWS expertise nervousness, melancholy, and insomnia.
Acute withdrawal from benzodiazepine medication can turn out to be very harmful, which signifies that skilled remedy is critical (medical detox). Sure people might expertise withdrawal so extreme that their life is in jeopardy. In these situations, withdrawal might trigger seizures or delirium tremens.
Benzodiazepine overdose is one other appreciable threat related to the usage of these medication. Based on the CDC, from 2010 to 2014, two of the highest 10 medication liable for overdose deaths have been benzodiazepines. These have been alprazolam (Xanax) and diazepam (Valium).
As central nervous system (CNS) depressants, benzodiazepines can sluggish important life assist programs to lethal ranges. When this occurs, an individual’s physique temperature, blood strain, respiration, and coronary heart charges can now not maintain life.
Benzodiazepines are continuously used with different medication, generally with alcohol and opioids, that are additionally central nervous system depressants. This mixture makes benzodiazepines much more harmful and lethal. Indicators of overdose embrace:
- Blue fingernails
- Double imaginative and prescient
- Impaired coordination
- Slurred speech
- Slowed or stopped respiration
An overdose is a medical emergency. If an overdose is suspected, contact emergency medical assist companies instantly.
Discover Remedy at Vertava Well being
It doesn’t matter what medication you or somebody you care about is abusing on this listing of benzodiazepines, habit is severe. Remedy usually requires a medically-supervised detox program previous to drug rehabilitation.
The behavioral and psychological impacts of habit run deep. This mixture of things usually requires extra intensive care. Inpatient drug rehab applications are designed to satisfy these wants by a mix of psychotherapies and evidence-based remedy strategies. For extra details about the strongest benzos and weakest benzos, please contact Vertava Well being as we speak at 888.601.8693.