In psychology, now we have an acronym, WEIRD, that refers back to the individuals psychologists tended to review for a lot of the twentieth century. WEIRD stands for “Westernized, Educated, Industrial, Wealthy, and Developed.” This refers principally to individuals from North America, Europe, and Australia who’re educated and have numerous sources. Cognitive-behavioral remedy has been criticized for focusing totally on these teams of individuals when conducting medical trials, relatively than on different elements of the world, or on individuals with much less schooling and sources.
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The criticism that cognitive-behavioral remedy was focused in direction of WEIRD teams was warranted. Cognitive-behavioral remedy could be very summary, targeted on ideas and emotions that aren’t bodily or straightforward to think about. It might contain tracing lengthy trains of thought, typically and not using a visible help corresponding to writing down every thought. Conventional cognitive-behavioral remedy was additionally very language heavy, creating additional limitations. Nonetheless, the rules of cognitive-behavioral remedy have been tailored for wider use.
Whereas there are a number of examples of adapting conventional cognitive-behavioral remedy for various teams, I’ll spotlight two particular examples right here. First, cognitive-behavioral remedy has been used to assist cut back the stress from power ache and promote self-administration of ache. Scientists on the College of Alabama have tailored cognitive-behavioral remedy for ache so it may be used with individuals of various literacy ranges. Lots of people should not have a school diploma; in the US, about 33 p.c of adults have a bachelor’s diploma or larger and one other 9 p.c have an affiliate’s diploma. If we write all our workbooks and worksheets at a school degree, greater than half of adults might have issue utilizing these sources. Subsequently, adapting cognitive-behavioral remedy for ache so that folks with any degree of schooling can profit has the potential to assist much more individuals.
One other instance of adapting a remedy just like cognitive-behavioral remedy is cognitive processing remedy. Cognitive processing remedy has related rules to cognitive-behavioral remedy. Each give attention to destructive considering patterns and on working to make these ideas extra sensible. Nevertheless, cognitive processing remedy particularly focuses on trauma and Put up-Traumatic Stress Dysfunction. Scientists on the College of Washington have tailored cognitive processing remedy to be used in a wide range of settings, together with the Democratic Republic of Congo.
I wish to emphasize that simply because cognitive-behavioral remedy and related therapies have been efficient for a lot of completely different teams of individuals, this doesn’t imply that cognitive-behavioral remedy goes to be efficient for everybody. Whereas psychologists are shifting to increase cognitive behavioral remedy past WEIRD populations, there’s nonetheless quite a bit we have no idea about how one can adapt cognitive-behavioral remedy for various individuals.